## zaterdag 28 maart 2015

### K5MQ WSPR 100mW on 40 Meters (2)

Dave K5MQ has been running WSPR for 4 days at 100 mW output on 40 meters.

To show the behavior of the propagation from day to day, I made a overview for four days.
This analysis uses the same data as Blog entry of yesterday, but also shows the relative signal strength of the received signal.

Horizontally you find the time in UTC in blocks of 1 hour.
Each rectangular black block indicates an hour, in which one or more spots occurred and the calculated lowest possible power of that spot(s).
Vertically you find the lowest possible power, which is a good indication of the signal strength.

The lowest possible power is calculated from the power of the sending station and the SNR of the receiving station. The higher the SNR, the better the propagation and the lower  the lowest possible power.
The lower the lowest possible power, the better the propagation.

Please notice, that not all patterns in this propagation diagram,
can be easily recognized and can be easily explained. hi.
 Propagation diagram. K5MQ WSPR on 40 m with 100 mW.
Propagation to WB5WPA over 500 km
Dave 's signal was received by WB5WPA over a distance of 500 km at 13 utc on the 24th with a calculated lowest possible power of 1 milliwatt.
From 13 utc on the signal becomes weaker. At 18 utc the signal is 10 dB weaker.
From18 utc to 1 utc on the next day, the process is reversed.
At 1 utc the signal has the same signal strength as at 12 utc of the previous day.

For the distance of 500 km we can see, that when the signal is reflected
in the ionosphere, the propagation is immediately at it's best.
From that moment, the signal will be weaker, until the process is reversed.

Propagation to N8SDR over 1100 km
On the 24th we see the same pattern in the propagation, but this time throughout the night, between 3 utc and 10 utc. At 3 utc the signal suddenly appears and is immediately very strong . Than rapidly becomes weaker (16 dB) and than gradually becomes stronger again, to reach the highest value at 10 utc.

Electrical field strength
Dave noticed that K9AN at a distance of 1003 km copied his 100 mW throughout the daylight hours, many times.  And that he must have a great receiver there.
To compare the signals of the different stations I made an analysis of the received signals by the Electrical field strength in micro Volt per meter.
The analysis below shows that K9AN, N8SDR and KE7TYT received Dave's signal with the same field strength. hi. The difference between each of the columns is 5 dB.

A calculated lowest possible power of 1 milliwatt means that a signal of 1 mW,
could be received with a SNR of -29 dB.